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Organic & biomolecular chemistry

Synthesis of enantiopure glycidol derivatives via a one-pot two-step enzymatic cascade.


PMID 25531755

Abstract

Styrene monooxygenase (SMO) can catalyze the kinetic resolution of secondary allylic alcohols to provide enantiopure glycidol derivatives. To overcome the low theoretical yield of kinetic resolution, we designed a one-pot two-step enzymatic cascade using prochiral α,β-unsaturated ketones as the substrates. An S-specific ketoreductase ChKRED03 was screened for the efficient bioreduction of the substrates to provide (S)-allylic alcohols, which underwent SMO-catalyzed epoxidation to achieve glycidol derivatives with contiguous stereogenic centers. Excellent enantioselectivity (ee > 99%) and diastereoselectivity (de > 99%) were achieved for the majority of the substrates, and product yields reached up to >99%.

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