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Placenta

Discordant HIF1A mRNA levels and oxidative stress in placental shares of monochorionic twins with selective intra-uterine growth restriction.


PMID 25573093

Abstract

Oxidative stress is a key factor in the pathogenesis of intra-uterine growth restriction in singleton. However, its role in selective intra-uterine growth restriction (sIUGR) in monochorionic twins (MCT) is still unknown. This study explored the characteristics of oxidative stresses in the placenta shares of MCT and analyzed their possible connections with sIUGR. The placental levels of hypoxia inducible factor-1α gene (HIF1A)mRNA, malondialdehyde (MDA), and 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) were evaluated in normal MCT (Group A) and sIUGR MCT (Group B). The results were compared between the placental shares of the larger twins (A1/B1) and smaller twins (A2/B2). Placental HIF1A mRNA level significantly increased in Group B. Particularly, HIF1A mRNA level was elevated in the placenta share of the growth-restricted fetus (B2) than the co-twin (B1) (Pxa0=xa00.036). More discordant HIF1A mRNA level was detected in Group B than Group A with larger inter-twin difference (Pxa0=xa00.021). The levels of MDA and 8-OHdG were significantly higher in B2 than B1 in sIUGR MCT (Pxa0