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Eye (London, England)

Fluorescein angiography and optical coherence tomography in myopic choroidal neovascularization.


PMID 25613842

Abstract

To assess intra/inter-observer agreement, and diagnostic capabilities of a color fundus photograph, fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA), and spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in making a diagnosis of myopic choroidal neovascularization (CNV). Two masked observers evaluated FFA and SD-OCT images to identify the presence of myopic CNV in 80 high-myopic eyes of 57 patients. A third masked observer identified CNV on a color fundus photo. Presence of myopic CNV on a fundus photo was defined as presence of subretinal hemorrhage, thickening of the retina and/or visible membrane at the macula. Presence of myopic CNV on FFA was defined as hyperfluorescence in the early phase with increase in intensity and size in the late phase; presence of a large irregular lesion; and hypofluorsescence due to subretinal hemorrhage. Myopic CNV on SD-OCT was defined as the hyper-reflective lesion with or without intraretinal fluid or subretinal fluid with retinal thickening. Intraobserver repeatability on FFA and SD-OCT was 0.54 and 0.44, respectively. Agreement (kappa) between FFA and SD-OCT was 0.38 and 0.3, respectively. Among 34 eyes, which had the presence of CNV on a color fundus photo, CNV was diagnosed in 18 (53%) eyes on FFA and in 20 (58.8%) eyes on SD-OCT. Sensitivity and specificity of FFA was 47 and 80.4%, respectively, and that of SD-OCT was 58.8 and 86.9%, respectively. Repeatability and reproducibility for diagnosis of myopic CNV was better with FFA compared with SD-OCT; however, agreement is very poor between FFA and SD-OCT. SD-OCT is comparatively a better tool to rule out presence of myopic CNV.

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