Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis

Application of mixed cloud point extraction for the analysis of six flavonoids in Apocynum venetum leaf samples by high performance liquid chromatography.

PMID 25625477


A simple, inexpensive and efficient method based on the mixed cloud point extraction (MCPE) combined with high performance liquid chromatography was developed for the simultaneous separation and determination of six flavonoids (rutin, hyperoside, quercetin-3-O-sophoroside, isoquercitrin, astragalin and quercetin) in Apocynum venetum leaf samples. The non-ionic surfactant Genapol X-080 and cetyl-trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) was chosen as the mixed extracting solvent. Parameters that affect the MCPE processes, such as the content of Genapol X-080 and CTAB, pH, salt content, extraction temperature and time were investigated and optimized. Under the optimized conditions, the calibration curve for six flavonoids were all linear with the correlation coefficients greater than 0.9994. The intra-day and inter-day precision (RSD) were below 8.1% and the limits of detection (LOD) for the six flavonoids were 1.2-5.0 ng mL(-1) (S/N=3). The proposed method was successfully used to separate and determine the six flavonoids in A. venetum leaf samples.