EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Atherosclerosis

Prasugrel inhibits platelet-enhanced pro-inflammatory CD4+ T cell responses in humans.


PMID 25635327

Abstract

While platelets have well characterized effects on monocytes, the effect of platelet activation on CD4+ T-cell differentiation and cytokine production is not clear. To examine the effects of platelet T-cell interactions on T-cell phenotype, and whether these interactions were altered by prasugrel, we conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study in healthy subjects. At baseline the addition of platelets to CD4+ T-cells resulted in an increase in the release of pro-inflammatory cytokine IFN-γ (192% increase in IFN-γ levels, pxa0=xa00.01) and pro-inflammatory CD4+ phenotypes, (38% and 58% increase in Th1 and Th17 phenotypic markers respectively, pxa0=xa00.01) but no change in Tregs. Prasugrel abolished the effects of platelets on CD4+ T-cells with similar levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and cell numbers to T-cells stimulated. Antiplatelet therapy may provide therapeutic benefit both from direct platelet inhibition and also through indirect effects on immune response development.