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Journal of microbiology and biotechnology

15-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic Acid Inhibits Phorbol-12-Myristate-13-Acetate-Induced MUC5AC Expression in NCI-H292 Respiratory Epithelial Cells.


PMID 25649981

Abstract

It has been reported that overexpression of MUC5AC induced by excessive inflammation leads to airway obstruction in respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma. 15-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE) has been reported to have anti-inflammatory effects, but the role of 15-HETE in respiratory inflammation has not been determined. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of 15-HETE on MUC5AC expression and related pathways. In this study, phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) was used to stimulate NCI-H292 bronchial epithelial cells in order to examine the effects of 15-HETE. 15-HETE inhibited PMA-induced expression of MUC5AC mRNA and secretion of MUC5AC protein. Also, 15-HETE regulated matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP-9), mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK). In addition, 15-HETE decreased translocation of specificity protein-1 (Sp-1) transcription factor and nuclear factor kappaB (NF-κB) into nuclear. Furthermore, 15-HETE enhanced transcriptional activity of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) as a PPARγ agonist. This activity reduced phosphorylation of protein kinase B (PΚB/Akt) by increasing the expression of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN). In conclusion, 15-HETE regulated MUC5AC expression via modulating MMP-9, MEK/ERK/Sp-1 and PPARγ/PTEN/ Akt signaling pathways in PMA-treated respiratory epithelial cells.