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Virusdisease

Initial evidence on differences among Enterovirus 71, Coxsackievirus A16 and Coxsackievirus B4 in binding to cell surface heparan sulphate.


PMID 25674594

Abstract

Cell surface heparan sulphate (HS) mediates infection for many viruses from diverse families. We demonstrated significant antiviral potencies for a number of HS mimetics against a cloned strain of Enterovirus 71 (EV71) in a previous study. Thus, the involvement of HS in mediating viral infection of isolates of human enteroviruses was investigated in Vero and human neural cells in the present work. In both cell lines, heparin and pentosan polysulphate significantly inhibited both infection and attachment of low passage clinical isolates of EV71 and Coxsackievirus A16 (CVA16) but showed no affect on Coxsackievirus B4 (CVB4) (pxa0