EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Cancer letters

Two repeated low doses of doxorubicin are more effective than a single high dose against tumors overexpressing P-glycoprotein.


PMID 25681670

Abstract

Standard chemotherapeutic protocols, based on maximum tolerated doses, do not prevent nor overcome chemoresistance caused by the efflux transporter P-glycoprotein (Pgp). We compared the effects of two consecutive low doses versus a single high dose of doxorubicin in drug-sensitive Pgp-negative and drug-resistant Pgp-positive human and murine cancer cells. Two consecutive low doses were significantly more cytotoxic in vitro and in vivo against drug-resistant tumors, while a single high dose failed to do so. The greater efficacy of two consecutive low doses of doxorubicin could be linked to increased levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species. These levels were produced by high electron flux from complex I to complex III of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, unrelated to the synthesis of ATP. This process induced mitochondrial oxidative damage, loss of mitochondrial potential and activation of the cytochrome c/caspase 9/caspase 3 pro-apoptotic axis in drug-resistant cells. Our work shows that the "apparent" ineffectiveness of doxorubicin against drug-resistant tumors overexpressing Pgp can be overcome by changing the timing of its administration and its doses.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

27890
Creatine, anhydrous, ≥99.0% (NT)
C4H9N3O2