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Molecular medicine reports

Monocyte chemotactic protein-1 promotes the proliferation and invasion of osteosarcoma cells and upregulates the expression of AKT.


PMID 25695619

Abstract

Monocyte chemotactic protein‑1 (MCP‑1/CCL2) is an important immune factor, which may be important in cancer progression by promoting proliferation, invasion, metastasis and the tumor microenvironment. Previous studies have demonstrated that CCL2 affects the proliferation of osteosarcoma cells via the RANKL signaling pathway. However, the underlying mechanisms remain to be elucidated. To investigate the role of CCL2 in osteosarcoma cells, MTT, spheroid forming, wound healing and transwell assays were performed to examine the proliferation and invasion abilities of the osteosarcoma cells. It was revealed that the high-grade osteosarcoma cells exhibited increased expression levels of CCL2 compared with the low-grade osteosarcoma cells (P<0.001). Furthermore, knockdown of CCL2 decreased the proliferation and invasion abilities of the osteosarcoma cells (P<0.01). These results suggested that the expression of CCL2 is high in high-grade osteosarcoma cells and promotes the proliferation and invasion of osteosarcoma cells.