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Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis : an international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis

Laboratory assessment of warfarin reversal with global coagulation tests versus international normalized ratio in patients with intracranial bleeding.


PMID 25699612

Abstract

We assess the in-vivo relationship between international normalized ratio (INR) and global coagulation tests in patients with life-threatening bleeding who received prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) for warfarin reversal. This was a prospective pilot study in adult patients with intracranial bleeding related to anticoagulation with warfarin. Thromboelastography (TEG), thrombin generation parameters and INR were assessed at baseline, 30  min, 2 and 24  h after PCC. Changes in laboratory parameters and relationship between INR and global coagulation tests were assessed over time. Eight patients mean [standard deviation (SD)] age 72 (16) were included and received mean (SD) dose of PCC 24 (5) units/kg. Four patients died during the study, all with INR values more than 1.5 thirty minutes after PCC. Mean (SD) INR was 3.0 (1.3) and decreased significantly to 1.8 (0.48) thirty minutes after PCC (P < 0.01). Baseline endogenous thrombin potential and thrombin peak were 890  nmol/min and 123  nmol and increased significantly to 1943  nmol/min (P < 0.01) and 301  nmol (P < 0.01) 30  min after PCC administration. Reaction (R)-time decreased significantly (P = 0.02), and maximum amplitude and overall coagulation index (CI) significantly increased during treatment (P < 0.01, respectively). Thrombin generation and TEG values corrected after PCC administration; however, INR did not fully correct. Patients that died tended to be older with prolonged INR values across the study period. INR and TEG values correlated well with thrombin generation before administration of PCC, but this relationship was lost afterward.