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Cancer biology & therapy

Downregulation of phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase inhibits proliferation and enhances cisplatin sensitivity in cervical adenocarcinoma cells by regulating Bcl-2 and caspase-3.


PMID 25719555

Abstract

Phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (PHGDH) is the key enzyme of de novo serine biosynthesis. Previous reports have demonstrated that PHGDH plays an important role in some malignancies. However, the biological role of PHGDH in human cervical adenocarcinoma has not been explored. We examined the expression of PHGDH in 54 cervical adenocarcinoma samples by immunohistochemistry and evaluated the association with clinicopathological parameters and prognosis. We performed shRNA transfection to knock down PHGDH gene expression in HeLa cells. A cell proliferation test, cisplatin cytotoxicity test and apoptosis test examined the HeLa cell line after PHGDH knockdown in vitro. In vivo tumorigenesis was assessed using a mouse xenograft model. Moreover, we examined the effects on Bcl-2 and cleaved caspase-3 expression after knockdown of PHGDH and treatment of cisplatin for 48h by Western blot. In this study, we demonstrated that elevated PHGDH expression was found in cervical adenocarcinoma and was associated with tumor size and prognosis. Knocking down PHGDH in HeLa cells significantly inhibited cell proliferation and increased cisplatin chemotherapy sensitivity. Silencing PHGDH resulted in inhibition of tumorigenesis in vivo. Furthermore, PHGDH knockdown reduced Bcl-2 and increased cleaved caspase-3 expression. Collectively, our study indicates the novel roles of PHGDH in cervical adenocarcinoma and identifies PHGDH as a new anticancer target.