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Biochemical and biophysical research communications

Benzidine induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition in human uroepithelial cells through ERK1/2 pathway.


PMID 25757908

Abstract

Prolonged benzidine exposure is a known cause of urothelial carcinoma (UC). Benzidine-induced epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is critically involved in cell malignant transformation. The role of ERK1/2 in regulating benzidine-triggered EMT has not been investigated. This study was to investigate the regulatory role of ERK1/2 in benzidine-induced EMT. By using wound healing and transwell chamber migration assays, we found that benzidine could increase SV-HUC-1 cells invasion activity, western blotting and Immunofluorescence showed that the expression levels of Snail, β-catenin, Vimentin, and MMP-2 were significantly increased, while, the expression levels of E-cadherin, ZO-1 were decreased. To further demonstrate the mechanism in this process, we found that the phosphorylation of ERK1/2, p38, JNK and AP-1 proteins were significantly enhanced compared to the control group (*Pxa0