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Journal of diabetes and its complications

Relationship of fibroblast growth factor 23 and fetuin--A to coronary atherosclerosis.


PMID 25772252

Abstract

Serum fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) and fetuin-A are established predictors of morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular disease. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the relationship between coronary artery disease (CAD) and serum concentrations of FGF-23 and fetuin-A. A total of 383 subjects who underwent coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) were included in the study. CCTA detected CAD in 208 patients; the rest of the patients had no detectable CAD. Serum FGF-23 and fetuin-A levels were significantly increased in CAD patients compared to non-CAD patients (26.6±21.1pg/mL vs. 17.9±16.1pg/mL, p=0.001 and 826±350mg/L vs. 595±300mg/L, p<0.001, respectively). Serum FGF-23, fetuin-A, low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol, and uric acid values were elevated in non-diabetic patients with CAD when compared to those without CAD. FGF-23, and fetuin-A were not significantly different in diabetic patients with CAD when compared to those without CAD. Using multivariate logistic regression analysis, we found that age, hypertension, LDL-Cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-Cholesterol, hs-CRP, uric acid, FGF-23 and fetuin-A levels were independently associated with the presence of CAD. FGF-23 and fetuin-A were positively correlated with coronary atherosclerosis Similar trends were seen among diabetic patients, but this did not reach statistical significance. FGF-23 and fetuin-A could be used as novel risk markers of cardiovascular disease.