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PloS one

ENTPD5 induces apoptosis in lung cancer cells via regulating caspase 3 expression.


PMID 25794010

Abstract

This study is to investigate the relationship between ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase 5 (ENTPD5) expression and lung cancer clinicopathological factors, and the impact of ENTPD5 on lung cancer cell functions. Lung cancer specimens and matched adjacent normal tissues were obtained from patients without any preoperative radiotherapy or chemotherapy. Knockdown of ETNPD5 expression led to significantly decreased lung cancer cell growth rate, markedly increased apoptosis and the ability to repair, and significantly reduced invasion. Gene chip tests showed that knockdown of ENTPD5 expression caused more Caspase expression. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction showed that the Caspase 3 expression was significantly increased after the knockdown of ENTPD5. In addition, immunohistochemistry showed that the tumor growth marker, proliferating cell nuclear antigen, was significantly reduced in the knockdown model. Tumorigenicity assay and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling assay showed that the apoptosis of lung cancer cells was increased in the knockdown model. Our results suggest that ENTPD5 affects lung cancer apoptosis via Caspase 3 pathway, and can be potentially used to monitor prognosis or to guide appropriate therapeutic regimens.