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British journal of haematology

Characterization of bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells in aplastic anaemia.


PMID 25819548

Abstract

In aplastic anaemia (AA), haemopoietic activity is significantly reduced and generally attributed to failure of haemopoietic stem cells (HSC) within the bone marrow (BM). The regulation of haemopoiesis depends on the interaction between HSC and various cells of the BM microenvironment, including mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC). MSC involvement in the functional restriction of HSC in AA is largely unknown and therefore, the physical and functional properties of AA MSC were studied inxa0vitro. MSC were characterized by their phenotype and ability to form adherent stromal layers. The functional properties of AA MSC were assessed through proliferative, clonogenic and cross-over culture assays. Results indicate that although AA MSC presented typical morphology and distinctive mesenchymal markers, stromal formation was reduced, with 50% of BM samples failing to produce adherent layers. Furthermore, their proliferative and clonogenic capacity was markedly decreased (Pxa0=xa00·03 and Pxa0=xa00·04 respectively) and the ability to sustain haemopoiesis was significantly reduced, as assessed by total cell proliferation (Pxa0=xa00·032 and Pxa0=xa00·019 at Week 5 and 6, respectively) and clonogenic potential of HSC (Pxa0=xa00·02 at Week 6). It was concluded that the biological characteristics of AA MSC are different from those of control MSC and their inxa0vitro haemopoiesis-supporting ability is significantly reduced.