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Macromolecular bioscience

Vitamin Bc -Bearing Hydrophilic Photosensitizer Conjugate for Photodynamic Cancer Theranostics.


PMID 25829050

Abstract

The accurate diagnosis and proper therapy for cancer are essential to improve the success rate of cancer treatment. Here, we demonstrated that the vitamin Bc -bearing hydrophilic photosensitizer conjugate folic acid-polyethylene glycol-pheophorbideA (FA-PEG-PheoA) has been synthesized for the intracellular diagnosis and photodynamic therapy of a tumor. The synthesized vitamin Bc -bearing hydrophilic photosensitizer conjugate has been characterized for the folic acid receptor expressing the ability to target tumor cells, which is facilitated by the chemical conjugation with folic acid. The vitamin Bc -bearing hydrophilic photosensitizer conjugate internalization mechanism was identified through a competitive inhibition test with free folic acid. We optimized the laser-sensitive, cytotoxicity changeable, vitamin Bc -bearing hydrophilic photosensitizer conjugate concentration, which is non-cytotoxic under normal conditions and specifically cytotoxic toward cancer cells (maximum 69.15%) under laser irradiation conditions used for theranostic agents. The cancer therapeutic and diagnosis effects of synthesized conjugate were confirmed in MDA-MB-231 cells and MDA-MB-231-bearing mice. As a result, the vitamin Bc -bearing hydrophilic photosensitizer conjugate exhibited a highly photodynamic therapeutic effect, which enabled the selective detection of a folic acid receptor expressing cancer using optical imaging.