EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V

Intra-articular bioactivity of a p38 MAPK inhibitor and development of an extended-release system.


PMID 25836052

Abstract

In the treatment of arthritic diseases, oral or systemic administration of anti-inflammatory substances, such as p38 MAPK inhibitors, is hampered by numerous side effects. To overcome them, formulations of rapid and extended drug delivery systems were studied in intra-articular administration. For the first time, VX-745, a highly selective p38 MAPK inhibitor, demonstrated in vivo bioactivity, similar to dexamethasone activity, following intra-articular administration in an antigen-induced arthritic (AIA) mouse model. The in vitro bioactivity of VX-745 was also shown on synoviocytes, reducing the IL-6 concentration. Process and formulation parameters (i.e., polymer concentration, aqueous/organic phase ratio, emulsification speed and process, and evaporation pressure) and particle characterisation (i.e., drug loading, size of particle, and surface aspect) were extensively examined to produce optimised formulations. Indeed, a burst release provides a rapid saturation of intracellular p38 MAPK to relieve patients from pain and inflammation. Then, drug diffusion would be sufficient to maintain an effective dose over 2-3 months. This study confirms the effectiveness of encapsulated p38 MAPK inhibitors in extended drug delivery systems and seems to be a promising strategy for intra-articular treatment.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

D1881
Dexamethasone 21-acetate, ≥99%
C24H31FO6
SML1638
VX-745, ≥98% (HPLC)
C19H9Cl2F2N3OS