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ACS nano

Controlling differentiation of adipose-derived stem cells using combinatorial graphene hybrid-pattern arrays.


PMID 25840606

Abstract

Control of stem cell fate by modulating biophysical cues (e.g., micropatterns, nanopatterns, elasticity and porosity of the substrates) has emerged as an attractive approach in stem cell-based research. Here, we report a method for fabricating combinatorial patterns of graphene oxide (GO) to effectively control the differentiation of human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hADMSCs). In particular, GO line patterns were highly effective for modulating the morphology of hADMSCs, resulting in enhanced differentiation of hADMSCs into osteoblasts. Moreover, by generating GO grid patterns, we demonstrate the highly efficient conversion of mesodermal stem cells to ectodermal neuronal cells (conversion efficiency = 30%), due to the ability of the grid patterns to mimic interconnected/elongated neuronal networks. This work provides an early demonstration of developing combinatorial graphene hybrid-pattern arrays for the control of stem cell differentiation, which can potentially lead to more effective stem cell-based treatment of incurable diseases/disorders.

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