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Bioelectrochemistry (Amsterdam, Netherlands)

Immobilization of membrane-bounded (S)-mandelate dehydrogenase in sol-gel matrix for electroenzymatic synthesis.


PMID 25854996

Abstract

Membrane-bounded (S)-mandelate dehydrogenase has been immobilized on the surface of glassy carbon and carbon felt electrodes by encapsulation in a silica film obtained by sol-gel chemistry. Such bioelectrochemical system has been used for the first time for electroenzymatic conversion of (S)-mandelic acid to phenylglyoxylic acid. Apparent Km in this sol-gel matrix was 0.7 mM in the presence of ferrocenedimethanol, a value in the same order of magnitude as reported previously for vesicles in solution with other electron acceptors, i.e., Fe(CN)6(3-) or 2,6-dichloroindophenol. The bioelectrode shows very good operational stability for more than 6 days. This stability was definitively improved by comparison to a bioelectrode prepared by simple adsorption of the proteins on the electrode surface (fast activity decrease during the first 15 h of experiment). Optimal electroenzymatic reaction was achieved at pH9 and 40 °C. Apparent Km of the protein activity was 3 times higher in carbon felt electrode than on glassy carbon surface, possibly because of transport limitations in the porous architecture of the carbon felt. A good correlation was found between electrochemical data and chromatographic characterization of the reaction products in the bioelectrochemical reactor.

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B13055
Phenylglyoxylic acid, 97%
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