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Clinical genitourinary cancer

Age, Comorbidity, and the Risk of Prostate Cancer-Specific Mortality in Men With Biopsy Gleason Score 4+3: Implications on Patient Selection for Multiparametric MRI.


PMID 25862319

Abstract

Some men with biopsy Gleason score (GS) 7 prostate cancer (PC) harbor occult GS 8 to 10 PC and might be undertreated with short-term androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) and radiation therapy (RT). With advancing age associated with occult high-grade PC, we evaluated PC-specific mortality (PCSM) risk after RT and short-term ADT for older men with GS 4+3 PC and men of any age with GS 8 to 10 PC. The study cohort comprised 206 men with unfavorable-risk PC treated with RT or RT and 6 months of ADT on a randomized trial between 1995 and 2001. Competing risks regression was used to compare PCSM risk for men with GS 8 to 10 PC to men with GSxa0≤ 3+4, GS 4+3 and agexa0≤ 73 years (median age), and GS 4+3 and age > 73 years, adjusting for PCxa0risk factors, comorbidity, and treatment. After a median follow-up of 14.3 years, 135 men died (65.53%), 24 (17.78%) of PC. Men age > 73 years with GS 4+3 PC did not have significantly lower PCSM risk compared with men with GS 8 to 10 (adjusted hazard ratio [AHR], 1.08; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.29-4.06; Pxa0= .91); whereas unhealthy men (AHR, 0.20; 95% CI, 0.04-0.93; Pxa0= .04) and men agexa0≤ 73 years with GS 4+3 (AHR, 0.09; 95% CI, 0.01-1.03; Pxa0= .05) fared better. Men age > 73 years with biopsy GS 4+3 did not have a significant difference in PCSM risk than men with GS 8 to 10, supporting further study of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging in such men with no or minimal comorbidity before determining ADT duration.

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