Molecular and cellular endocrinology

c-Src/Pyk2/EGFR/PI3K/Akt/CREB-activated pathway contributes to human cardiomyocyte hypertrophy: Role of COX-2 induction.

PMID 25869400


Thrombin and COX-2 regulating cardiac hypertrophy are via various signaling cascades. Several transcriptional factors including CREB involve in COX-2 expression. However, the interplay among thrombin, CREB, and COX-2 in primary human neonatal ventricular cardiomyocytes remains unclear. In this study, thrombin-induced COX-2 promoter activity, mRNA and protein expression, and PGE2 synthesis were attenuated by pretreatment with the inhibitors of c-Src (PP1), Pyk2 (PF431396), EGFR (AG1478), PI3K/Akt (LY294002/SH-5), and p300 (GR343), or transfection with siRNAs of c-Src, Pyk2, EGFR, p110, Akt, CREB, and p300. Moreover, thrombin-stimulated phosphorylation of c-Src, Pyk2, EGFR, Akt, CREB and p300 was attenuated by their respective inhibitors. These results indicate that thrombin-induced COX-2 expression is mediated through PAR-1/c-Src/Pyk2/EGFR/PI3K/Akt linking to CREB and p300 cascades. Functionally, thrombin-induced hypertrophy and ANF/BNP release were, at least in part, mediated through a PAR-1/COX-2-dependent pathway. We uncover the importance of COX-2 regarding human cardiomyocyte hypertrophy that will provide a therapeutic intervention in cardiovascular diseases.

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