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Internal medicine journal

Removal of body surface area normalisation improves raw-measured glomerular filtration rate estimation by the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration equation and drug dosing in the obese.


PMID 25904102

Abstract

We aimed to compared estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) according to the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration equation (CKD-EPI), with (mL/min/1.73 m(2) ) and without body surface area (BSA) normalisation (CKD-EPI_noBSA, mL/min) against measured (99m) Technetium - diethylenepentaacetic acid (Tc-DTPA GFR) (mL/min) in 222 individuals, including 80 with malignancy. BSA was calculated for each individual using the Du Bois equation. The CKD-EPI and CKD-EPI_noBSA equations were compared with measured Tc-DTPA GFR with respect to bias, proportion within 30% of GFR (P30) and root mean square error for predicting levels of GFR, and concordance in relation to carboplatin dosing. The mean (SD) for BSA and measured GFR for the entire group was 1.99 (0.25) m(2) and 127 (41) mL/min respectively. The P30 for Tc-DTPA GFR was significantly higher with the CKD-EPI_noBSA (80%) than with the CKD-EPI equation (63%, P = 0.0001). In those with body mass index (BMI) > 30 kg/m(2) , the P30 values for the CKD-EPI_noBSA and CKD-EPI were 74% and 42% respectively (P < 0.0001). Carboplatin dosing concordance for the cancer patients using the CKD-EPI and CKD-EPI_noBSA equation was 71% and 56% respectively (P = 0.07). In 78 individuals with BMI > 30 kg/m(2) , concordance in relation to carboplatin dosing using CKD-EPI_noBSA was 65% compared with 26% with the CKD-EPI (P < 0.0001). The CKD-EPI without normalisation (CKD-EPI_noBSA) equation was superior to the CKD-EPI equation in estimating raw-measured Tc-DTPA GFR (mL/min).