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Journal of proteomics

Proteomic analysis of Yersinia enterocolitica biovar 1A under iron-rich and iron-poor conditions indicate existence of efficiently regulated mechanisms of iron homeostasis.


PMID 25913300

Abstract

The pathogenicity of Yersinia enterocolitica biovar 1A strains is controversial as these lack most of the known virulence factors. Acquisition of iron and presence of well-regulated iron homeostasis in bacteria represents an important virulence trait. Differential abundance of proteins was examined under iron-rich and iron-poor conditions in a clinical Y. enterocolitica biovar 1A strain IP27407. Whole cell protein profiles were analysed by 2D gel electrophoresis (2D-GE). Following statistical and MALDI-TOF MS analyses, 28 differentially abundant proteins were identified. Significant iron-responsive changes were observed in the proteins involved in iron acquisition or storage namely, hemin receptor (HemR), periplasmic Fe(2+) transport protein (Tpd), periplasmic chelated iron-binding protein (YfeA) and bacterioferritin (Bfr). Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) of eight mRNA transcripts revalidated the differential protein abundance. In silico analysis of iron homeostasis mediated by the bacterioferritin and bacterioferritin-associated ferredoxin (Bfr-Bfd) complex suggested two pathways for the release of reserve iron which might be operating under conditions of different iron availability. The study, for the first time, showed the existence of highly competent iron homeostasis mechanisms in Y. enterocolitica biovar 1A and identified the key proteins involved thereof. Such mechanisms might have implications for the pathogenicity of Y. enterocolitica biovar 1A strains. Although, a few studies have identified the differentially abundant bacterial proteins in response to iron starvation, little information is available in this regard for Y. enterocolitica (especially, the biovar 1A strains). In the present study, differential abundance of several proteins was identified under iron-rich and iron-poor conditions by 2D-GE and MALDI-TOF/MS analysis. These included proteins which may not only be directly implicated in iron acquisition or storage but also play crucial role in cellular metabolism. Given the absence of most known virulence factors in Y. enterocolitica biovar 1A strains, demonstration of well-regulated mechanisms for efficient iron homeostasis constitutes an important observation. The proteins, as identified in the present study, provide useful insights to further unravel the potential pathogenicity of the biovar 1A strains.