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Journal of pediatric surgery

Trans-amniotic stem cell therapy (TRASCET) minimizes Chiari-II malformation in experimental spina bifida.


PMID 25929798

Abstract

We sought to study the impact of trans-amniotic stem cell therapy (TRASCET) in the Chiari-II malformation in experimental spina bifida. Sprague-Dawley fetuses (n=62) exposed to retinoic acid were divided into three groups at term (21-22 days gestation): untreated isolated spina bifida (n=21), isolated spina bifida treated with intra-amniotic injection of concentrated, syngeneic, labeled amniotic fluid mesenchymal stem cells (afMSCs) on gestational day 17 (n=28), and normal controls (n=13). Analyses included measurements of brainstem and cerebellar placement on high resolution MRI and histology. Statistical comparisons included ANOVA. In parallel to the expected induced coverage of the spina bifida in the afMSC-treated group (P<0.001), there were statistically significant differences in brainstem displacement across the groups (P<0.001), with the highest caudal displacement in the untreated group. Significant differences in cerebellar displacement were also noted, albeit less pronounced. Pairwise comparisons were statistically significant, with P=0.014 between treated and normal controls in caudal brainstem displacement and P<0.001 for all other comparisons. Labeled afMSCs were identified in 71% of treated fetuses. Induced coverage of spina bifida by TRASCET minimizes the Chiari-II malformation in the retinoic acid rodent model, further suggesting it as a practical alternative for the prenatal management of spina bifida.