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Stem cells (Dayton, Ohio)

Sox2 Deacetylation by Sirt1 Is Involved in Mouse Somatic Reprogramming.


PMID 25940188

Abstract

Mouse somatic cells can be reprogrammed into induced pluripotent stem cells by defined factors known to regulate pluripotency, including Oct4, Sox2, Klf4, and c-Myc. Together with Oct4, Sox2 plays a major role as a master endogenous pluripotent genes trigger in reprogramming. It has been reported that Sirtuin 1 (Sirt1), a member of the Sirtuin family of NAD(+) -dependent protein deacetylases, is involved in embryonic stem cell antioxidation, differentiation, and individual development. However, as a deacetylation enzyme, whether Sirt1 influences reprogramming through its post-translational modification function remains unknown. In this study, we provide evidence that deacetylation of Sox2 by Sirt1 is required for reprogramming. We found that a low level of Sox2 acetylation could significantly increase reprogramming efficiency. Furthermore, we found that Sox2 can be deacetylated by Sirt1 in an Oct4-mediated manner. Compared with wild-type cells, Sirt1-null mouse embryonic fibroblasts exhibit decreased reprogramming efficiency, and overexpression of Sirt1 rescues this defect. In addition, Sirt1 functions in the regulation of reprogramming through deacetylating Sox2. Taken together, we have identified a new regulatory role of Sirt1 in reprogramming and provided a link between deacetylation events and somatic cell reprogramming. Stem Cells 2015;33:2135-2147.