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Inflammation research : official journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et al.]

The negative feedback regulation of microRNA-146a in human periodontal ligament cells after Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide stimulation.


PMID 25948157

Abstract

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) pathway has been demonstrated to play an important role in periodontitis. However, the regulatory mechanism of microRNAs (miRNAs) on TLRs pathway is still unclear. Hence, this study is to explore the function of miRNA-146a in inflammatory reaction induced by Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs). Cells were treated with 1 or 10 μg/ml P. gingivalis LPS. The expression of TLR2, TLR4 and miRNA-146a were measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was applied to detect nuclear factor (NF)-κ B p65 nuclear activity, interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6, IL-8 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). To examine the underlying mechanisms, cells were exposed to anti-TLR2/4 mAb or miRNA-146a inhibitor/mimic and evaluated by real-time PCR and ELISA. 10 μg/ml P. gingivalis LPS increased the expressions of TLR2 (3.79 ± 0.31), TLR4 (2.21 ± 0.31), and miRNA-146a (4.91 ± 0.87), NF-κ B p65 nuclear activity (6.51 ± 0.77 fold) (p < 0.05). 1 μg/ml P. gingivalis LPS induced TLR2 (3.05 ± 0.23), miRNA-146a (3.66 ± 0.83) and NF-κ B p65 nuclear activity (4.06 ± 0.78 fold) (p < 0.05), except TLR4 (1.11 ± 0.30, p > 0.05). Also, cytokines production increased (p < 0.05). The up-regulation of miRNA-146a could be blocked by anti-TLR2/4 mAb (p < 0.05). After the blockage of miRNA-146a, TLR2, TLR4, NF-κ B p65 nuclear activity and proinflammatory cytokines increased. However, after application of miRNA-146a mimic, the levels of these indexes decreased obviously (p < 0.05). MiRNA-146a functions as a negative feedback regulator via down-regulating proinflammatory cytokine secretion and blocking TLRs signaling pathway in hPDLCs after P. gingivalis LPS stimulation.