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Anticancer research

Effect of new oxicam derivatives on efflux pumps overexpressed in resistant a human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line.


PMID 25964564

Abstract

Oxicams are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Antitumor potential of NSAIDs has often been reported in literature. We studied antitumor activity of newly synthesized oxicam derivatives (PR17 and PR18) against doxorubicin-sensitive and resistant human colorectal adenocarcinoma cells (LoVo and LoVo/Dx). The cytotoxicity of oxicam derivatives alone and in combination with doxorubicin was assessed. Inhibition of P-glycoprotein (ABCB1) transport activity was monitored by flow cytometry. Expression of ABCB1 gene was analyzed by semi-quantitative reverse transcription PCR, while ABCB1 protein expression was assessed by western blotting. Oxicam derivative PR18 was more cytotoxic to cancer cells than PR17. PR18 was observed to sensitize LoVo/Dx cells to doxorubicin and was identified as an effective multidrug resistance modulator. Additionally, ABCB1 expression was reduced in the presence of PR18. PR18 was identified as an effective modulator in LoVo/Dx resistant human colorectal adenocarcinoma cells which overexpressed ABCB1 efflux pump.