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Journal of refractive surgery (Thorofare, N.J. : 1995)

Induced inflammation and apoptosis in femtosecond laser-assisted capsulotomies and manual capsulorhexes: an immunohistochemical study.


PMID 25974966

Abstract

To evaluate cellular inflammation and apoptosis induced in the central portion of capsulorhexes/capsulotomies during cataract surgery, comparing a conventional manual technique and a femtosecond laser-assisted procedure at different energy settings using two laser systems. Fifty-six capsulorhexes/capsulotomies were divided into four groups: the manual group (14 capsulorhexes) performed with the manual technique; the 7.0-µJ group (14 capsulotomies) (LensAR laser system; Lensar, Inc., Orlando, FL); the 10-µJ group (14 capsulotomies) (LenSx laser system; Alcon Laboratories, Inc., Fort Worth, TX); and the 13.0-µJ group (14 capsulotomies) (LenSx laser system). All samples were stained for cellular apoptosis analysis (TUNEL assay) and cellular induced inflammation (NF-κB). One-way analysis of variance indicated a statistically significant difference in the percentage of NF-κB and TUNEL positive cells between the four groups, (F [3.52] = 14.717, P < .001) and (F [3.52] = 139.561, P < .001), respectively. Post-hoc analysis indicated a statistically significant difference in the percentage of NF-κB positive cells between the 13.0-µJ group and the manual, 7.0-µJ, and 10-µJ groups (P < .001, = .037, and < .001, respectively). Post-hoc analysis of differences in TUNEL positive cells indicated a significant difference between the 7.0-µJ and 10-µJ groups (P <.017) and between the 13.0-µJ group and the manual, 7.0-µJ, and 10-µJ groups (P < .001, < .001, and < .001, respectively). The results show a higher percentage of NF-κB and TUNEL positive cells in the 13.0-µJ group compared to the 7.0-µJ, 10-µJ, and manual groups. Therefore, inflammatory response and cell death increased at increasing energies. An effective capsulotomy in femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery with minimal detrimental apoptotic and inflammatory effects is possible if the laser system is set to use the minimum energy level.