EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry

Data-driven signal-resolving approaches of infrared spectra to explore the macroscopic and microscopic spatial distribution of organic and inorganic compounds in plant.


PMID 25976394

Abstract

The nondestructive and label-free infrared (IR) spectroscopy is a direct tool to characterize the spatial distribution of organic and inorganic compounds in plant. Since plant samples are usually complex mixtures, signal-resolving methods are necessary to find the spectral features of compounds of interest in the signal-overlapped IR spectra. In this research, two approaches using existing data-driven signal-resolving methods are proposed to interpret the IR spectra of plant samples. If the number of spectra is small, "tri-step identification" can enhance the spectral resolution to separate and identify the overlapped bands. First, the envelope bands of the original spectrum are interpreted according to the spectra-structure correlations. Then the spectrum is differentiated to resolve the underlying peaks in each envelope band. Finally, two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy is used to enhance the spectral resolution further. For a large number of spectra, "tri-step decomposition" can resolve the spectra by multivariate methods to obtain the structural and semi-quantitative information about the chemical components. Principal component analysis is used first to explore the existing signal types without any prior knowledge. Then the spectra are decomposed by self-modeling curve resolution methods to estimate the spectra and contents of significant chemical components. At last, targeted methods such as partial least squares target can explore the content profiles of specific components sensitively. As an example, the macroscopic and microscopic distribution of eugenol and calcium oxalate in the bud of clove is studied.