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Molecular and cellular biochemistry

ERK5 signalling pathway is essential for fluid shear stress-induced COX-2 gene expression in MC3T3-E1 osteoblast.


PMID 25976667

Abstract

Bone cells respond to various mechanical stimuli including fluid shear stress (FSS) in vitro. Induction of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is thought to be important for the anabolic effects of mechanical loading. Recently, extracellular-signal-regulated kinase 5 (ERK5) has been found to be involved in multiple cellular processes. However, the relationship between ERK5 and the induction of COX-2 is still unknown. Here, we investigated the potential involvement of ERK5 in the response of pre-osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells upon FSS. MC3T3-E1 cells were subjected to 12 dyn/cm(2) FSS. Then, we established a ERK5 small interfering RNA (siRNA) transfected cell line using the MC3T3-E1 cells. After the successful transfection confirmed by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting, the expression of COX-2, cAMP response element-bindingxa0protein (CREB), and nuclear factor kappa B cells (NF-κB) were assayed for downstream effectors of activated ERK5 under FSS by Western blotting. Our results showed that FSS could stimulate COX-2 activity, and induce the phosphorylation of ERK5, CREB, and NF-κB. When the MC3T3-E1 cells were transfected using siRNA before exposure to FSS, COX-2 activity was suppressed, and the phosphorylation of CREB and NF-κB was significantly downregulated. In summary, we demonstrated that ERK5 pathway is essential in the induction of COX-2 gene.