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Lentiviral vector mediated expression of Bax and hepatocyte growth factor inhibits vein graft thickening in a rabbit vein graft model.


PMID 25985575

Abstract

Vein graft failure caused by vein graft thickening of the arterialized vein after bypass surgery is a main problem in clinical vascular surgery. Gene therapy is increasingly being recognized as a relevant treatment option for vein graft failure. In this study, we aimed to develop a novel recombinant lentivirus for the delivery of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and Bax in a rabbit vein graft model of bypass grafting. A bypass model was made in rabbits using the right jugular vein interposed end-to-end to the ipsilateral carotid artery. A lentivirus vector harboring HGF and Bax cDNAs (Lenti-HGF-Bax) was constructed and transduced into the venous grafts. Vein grafts were stained with hematoxilyn and eosin, and Masson. HGF and Bax expression in vein grafts was detected by immunohistochemical and Western blot analysis. Our results showed that vein graft thickening was reduced by 47.2 ± 7.4% in lenti-HGF-Bax treated rabbits, compared to controls. Meanwhile, the ratio of intima/media area was reduced in lentil-HGF-Bax treated rabbits, compared to controls. The number of HGF and Bax positive cells was increased in vein grafts from rabbits treated by lenti-HGF-Bax, compared to those from controls. Furthermore, protein levels of HGF and Bax were both significantly increased in grafts derived from rabbits treated by lenti-HGF-Bax, compared to those from control. In conclusion, Lenti-HGF-Bax inhibits vein graft thickening in vein grafts and is a promising agent for preventing vein graft failure.