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The International journal of oral & maxillofacial implants

Biochemical Responses of Anodized Titanium Implants with a Poly(lactide-co-glycolide)/Bone Morphogenic Protein-2 Submicron Particle Coating. Part 1: An In Vitro Study.


PMID 26009901

Abstract

This study was conducted to examine the effects of coating poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA)/recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) submicron particles by electrospray onto titanium (Ti) implants on the proliferation and differentiation capacity of mesenchymal stem cells. In addition, the duration of rhBMP-2 release was investigated. Ti disks were fabricated and divided into four groups as follows. Group C (control) was anodized at 300 V, group P was anodized and then coated with 0.2% PLGA, group B1 was anodized and then coated with PLGA/rhBMP-2 submicron particles at 200 ng per disk, and group B2 was anodized and then coated with PLGA/rhBMP-2 submicron particles at 600 ng per disk. The topography of the PLGA/rhBMP-2-coated Ti surfaces was examined, and proliferation assays, alkaline phosphatase activity tests, and rhBMP-2 releasing tests were conducted in vitro. There was no difference in the roughness of control Ti disks and Ti disks coated with PLGA/rhBMP-2 submicron particles by electrospray. The proliferation of mesenchymal stem cells increased over time; at 7 days, cell proliferation on the Ti disks coated with rhBMP-2 was significantly higher than the other groups. Anodized Ti disks coated with PLGA/rhBMP-2 (groups B1 and B2) released rhBMP-2 for approximately 21 days. In accordance with the amount of rhBMP-2 released from the PLGA/rhBMP-2 construct, the differentiation capacity of mesenchymal stem cells on the PLGA/rhBMP-2-coated disks was increased significantly. Submicron PLGA/rhBMP-2 coating on Ti implants by electrospray facilitated cell proliferation and differentiation, which is important for early healing and integration of implants.