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International journal of rheumatic diseases

A phase 3, multicenter, randomized, allopurinol-controlled study assessing the safety and efficacy of oral febuxostat in Chinese gout patients with hyperuricemia.


PMID 26013187

Abstract

To compare the efficiency and safety of febuxostat with those of allopurinol in Chinese patients with gout and hyperuricemia. The trial which was conducted at 13 centers in China during 2011-2013 included a 2-week run-in and a 24-week treatment period. A total of 504 eligible participants with gout and with serum urate ≥ 480 μmol/L were randomly assigned 1 : 1 : 1 to febuxostat 40 mg/day, febuxostat 80 mg/day and allopurinol 300 mg/day groups. The primary efficacy endpoint was the percentage of subjects whose last three serum urate levels were < 360 μmol/L. The primary efficacy endpoint was reached by 33.5% of subjects taking febuxostat 80 mg/day, 22.5% of those taking febuxostat 40 mg/day and 17.0% of those taking allopurinol 300 mg/day (P < 0.001 for the comparison between febuxostat 80 mg/day and allopurinol 300 mg/day groups; P = 0.216 for the comparison between febuxostat 40 mg/day and allopurinol 300 mg/day groups). The incidence of gout flare was relatively high in each group during the first 8 weeks and gradually decreased thereafter. There was no statistically significant difference between the three groups (P > 0.05). The incidence of adverse events was similar in the three treatment groups. The most frequent treatment-related adverse events were liver function test abnormalities. Febuxostat 80 mg/day had superior urate-lowering efficacy to that of febuxostat 40 mg/day or allopurinol 300 mg/day, which was comparable in Chinese gout patients with hyperuricemia. Febuxostat, at a daily dose of 40 or 80 mg, was safe and well tolerated.