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American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology

The differential role of renoguanylin in osmoregulation and apical Cl-/HCO3- exchange activity in the posterior intestine of the Gulf toadfish (Opsanus beta).


PMID 26017493

Abstract

The guanylin family of peptides are effective regulators of intestinal physiology in marine teleosts. In the distal intestinal segments, they inhibit or reverse fluid absorption by inhibiting the absorptive short-circuit current (Isc). The present findings demonstrate that mRNA from guanylin and uroguanylin, as well as at least one isoform of the guanylin peptide receptor, apical guanylyl cyclase-C (GC-C), was highly expressed in the intestine and rectum of the Gulf toadfish (Opsanus beta). In the posterior intestine, GC-C, as well as the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator and basolateral Na(+)/K(+)/2Cl(-) cotransporter, which comprise a Cl(-)-secretory pathway, were transcriptionally upregulated in 60 parts per thousand (ppt). The present study also shows that, in intestinal tissues from Gulf toadfish held in 35 ppt, renoguanylin (RGN) expectedly causes net Cl(-) secretion, inhibits both the absorptive Isc and fluid absorption, and decreases HCO3(-) secretion. Likewise, in intestinal tissues from Gulf toadfish acclimated to 60 ppt, RGN also inhibits the absorptive Isc and fluid absorption but to an even greater extent, corresponding with the mRNA expression data. In contrast, RGN does not alter Cl(-) flux and, instead, elevates HCO3(-) secretion in the 60-ppt group, suggesting increased apical Cl(-)/HCO3(-) exchange activity by SLC26a6. Overall, these findings reinforce the hypotheses that the guanylin peptide system is important for salinity acclimatization and that the secretory response could facilitate the removal of solids, such as CaCO3 precipitates, from the intestine.