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Journal of neuroradiology. Journal de neuroradiologie

Differences in tissue proliferation and maturation between Matrix2 and bare platinum coil embolization in experimental swine aneurysms.


PMID 26024771

Abstract

Recanalization of post-embolization cerebral aneurysms remains a serious problem that influences treatment outcomes. Matrix2 is a bioactive, bio-absorbable, detachable coil that was developed to reduce the risk of recanalization. We examined the short-term efficacy of the Matrix2 coil system, and evaluated the temporal profile of tissue proliferation in a swine experimental aneurysm model compared with the bare platinum (BP) coil. Thirty-six experimental aneurysms were created in 18 swine. All aneurysms were tightly packed with Matrix2 or BP coils. Comparative histologic and morphologic analyses were undertaken 1, 2 and 4 weeks post-embolization. Endothelial-like cells were observed partially lining the aneurysmal opening one week post-embolization with both coil types. At two and four weeks post-embolization, the aneurysms treated with Matrix2 coils had more extensive areas of organized thrombus than those packed with BP coils, but the numbers of functional proliferating endothelial cells identified by immunohistochemistry in the tissue were broadly comparable between the groups. Moreover, morphological analysis suggested there were more mature endothelial cells in aneurysms treated with bare platinum rather than Matrix2 coils. Our results indicate that aneurysms embolized with Matrix2 coils build thicker scaffolds for endothelialization, but this is not necessarily evidence of earlier tissue proliferation and maturation than those embolized with BP coils. Matrix2 coils may not be superior to BP coils for preventing aneurysmal recanalization after endovascular treatment of cerebral aneurysms.