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American journal of physiology. Lung cellular and molecular physiology

Il-17A contributes to maintenance of pulmonary homeostasis in a murine model of cigarette smoke-induced emphysema.


PMID 26024895

Abstract

Smoking is the main risk factor for the development of the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Western countries. Recent studies suggest that IL-17A and Th17 cells play a role in the pathogenesis of COPD. We used a murine model of chronic cigarette smoke (CS) exposure to explore the contribution of IL-17A to CS-induced lung damage and loss of pulmonary function. Histology and morphometry showed that IL-17A deficiency spontaneously resulted in a loss of lung structure under basal conditions. Even though inflammatory markers [IL-1β and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)] were decreased in IL-17A-deficient mice (IL-17A(-/-)) exposed to CS compared with wild-type (WT) mice, IL-17A(-/-) mice were per se not protected from CS-induced emphysematous disease. Assessment of pulmonary function showed that IL-17A(-/-) mice were partially protected from CS-induced changes in total lung capacity. However, the respiratory elastance decreased and respiratory compliance increased in IL-17A(-/-) mice after exposure to CS. Morphometry revealed destruction of lung tissue in CS-exposed IL-17A(-/-) mice similar to WT mice. The expression of elastin was decreased in air-exposed IL-17A(-/-) mice and in CS-exposed WT and IL-17A(-/-) mice. Thus, in the present model of sterile CS-exposure, IL-17A contributes to normal lung homeostasis and does not mediate CS-induced loss of lung structure and pulmonary function.