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Biochemical and biophysical research communications

Mitogen activated protein kinase pathway-dependent effects of platelet-derived growth factor on migration of trophectoderm cells.


PMID 26043684

Abstract

Successful development of the conceptus and implantation requires an intimate trophic connection between maternal uterus and conceptus mediated by local regulators including growth factors. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) acts as a chemotactic factor for a variety of cell types. Current studies have determined that PDGF participates in rapid growth and development of cleavage stage embryos, but PDGF-induced effects on the growth and development of peri-implantation conceptus remains unknown. In the present study, PDGF induced phosphorylation of ERK1/2, AKT and RPS6 proteins in porcine trophectoderm (pTr) cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Addition of U0126 (an inhibitor of ERK1/2) or LY294002 (a PI3K inhibitor) blocked PDGF-induced effects on phosphorylation of signaling proteins. Combinations of PDGF and U0126 decreased PDGF-induced p-ERK1/2 and p-AKT1, but combinations of PDGF and LY294002 blocked only PDGF-induced AKT phosphorylation. Furthermore, PDGF significantly induced pTr cell migration and these stimulatory effects were blocked by U0126 and LY294002. Immunoreactive p-ERK1/2 and p-RPS6 proteins were abundant in pTr cells treated with PDGF, but U0126 reduced PDGF-induced p-ERK1/2 and p-RPS6 levels to basal amounts. Present study suggests that PDGF secreted into the maternal-conceptus microenvironment stimulates pTr cell migration through signal transduction cascades mediated by the ERK1/2 MAPK and AKT1 pathways.