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Surgery

TRPA1 mediates the effects of hypothermia on the monocyte inflammatory response.


PMID 26054320

Abstract

Hypothermia is a well-known risk factor for postoperative complications because it prolongs the monocyte inflammatory response. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether temperature-activated ion channels (transient receptor protein channels [TRP] A1 and V1) mediate the effects of temperature on monocytes. Primary human monocytes were isolated and stimulated with lipopolysaccharide at 32°C or 39°C. RNA was isolated for analysis of microRNA (miR)-155 expression, and cytokines in the supernatant were measured with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Specific inhibitors of TRPA1 (HC- 030031) and a specific activator of TRPV1 (capsaicin) were used to block or activate TRPA1 and TRPV1, respectively. Statistical analysis was performed using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. TRPM8 mRNA was not expressed in primary human monocytes, whereas TRPA1 and TRPV1 were expressed. TRPV1 mRNA expression was suppressed at 32°C but not at 39°C. TRPA1 was induced strongly at 32°C and 39°C. Immunofluorescence microscopy confirmed that monocytes express TRPA1 and TRPV1 on their cell surface. Interleukin-10 secretion was increased by blocking TRPA1 (77.8xa0±xa03 2.8 pg/mL) and activating TRPA1 (79.4xa0±xa016.1 pg/mL) after 24xa0hours at 32°C (control 37.4xa0±xa017.1 pg/mL, Pxa0