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Investigative ophthalmology & visual science

Relationship Between Retinal Blood Flow and Serum Adiponectin Concentrations in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.


PMID 26114492

Abstract

To study the relationship between retinal microcirculation and serum adiponectin, an important adipocytokine secreted by adipocytes, concentrations in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Using a laser Doppler velocimetry system, we simultaneously measured the retinal blood flow (RBF) values and retinal vessel diameter and blood velocity in 64 consecutive Japanese patients (mean age ± SD, 59.8 ± 10.4 years) with type 2 diabetes with no or mild nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy. We compared the values with the RBF and serum adiponectin concentrations in these patients. The patients were divided into two groups based on sex (33 males, 31 females). The plasma adiponectin concentrations were correlated positively with the retinal vessel diameter (r = 0.480; P = 0.005), retinal blood velocity (r = 0.399; P = 0.02), and RBF (r = 0.518; P = 0.002) and correlated negatively with the retinal arterial vascular resistance (r = -0.598; P = 0.0002) in males, but not females, with type 2 diabetes with early-stage diabetic retinopathy. Multiple regression analysis showed that the plasma adiponectin level was independently and positively correlated with RBF and negatively correlated with retinal arterial vascular resistance. Our results indicated that a high concentration of serum adiponectin may be associated with increased RBF, probably via the increased blood velocity and dilated vessel diameter in males with type 2 diabetes with early-phase diabetic retinopathy.