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Journal of ethnopharmacology

Hepatoprotective effects of Yulangsan polysaccharide against nimesulide-induced liver injury in mice.


PMID 26144697

Abstract

Yulangsan polysaccharide (YLSPS) is often used in popular folk medicine in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China as a chief ingredient of Millettia pulchra, which is used as a hepatic protection, anti-aging and memory improving agent. This study was designed to investigate the protective effects of polysaccharides from Millettia pulchra Kurz var.laxior (Dunn) (Yulangsan polysaecharide, YLSPS) against nimesulide-induced hepatotoxicities in mice. Liver injury was induced in mice by administering nimesulide. Simultaneously, YLSPS was administered 2h prior to the administration of nimesulide. Dimethyl diphenyl bicarboxylate (DDB) was used as a reference drug. Compared with the nimesulide group, YLSPS significantly decreased the activities of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and the content of bilirubin in the serum. The anti-oxidative effect of YLSPS was observed from the increase of the superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities in the liver, both of which were decreased by nimesulide. Moreover, the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) was reduced, and histological findings also confirmed the anti-hepatotoxic activity. In addition, YLSPS significantly inhibited proinflammatory mediators, such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin 6 (IL-6). Additionally, YLSPS also enhanced the mitochondrial antioxidant and inhibited dead cells by preventing the down-regulation of Bcl-2, up-regulation and release of Bax along with caspase 9 and 3 activity, confirming the involvement of mitochondria in the nimesulide-induced apoptosis. The protective effect of YLSPS against nimesulide-induced hepatic injury may rely on its ability to reduce oxidative stress and prevent nimesulide-induced hepatotoxicity by inhibiting critical control points of apoptosis.

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N1016
Nimesulide
C13H12N2O5S