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American journal of clinical oncology

Prognostic significance of Ki67 expression in malignant peritoneal mesothelioma.


PMID 26214083

Abstract

Although Ki67 measurement by immunohistochemistry has been widely used as a prognostic index in cancers, it has not been reported in malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM). Hence, this study examines the prognostic significance of Ki67 in MPM. Specimens from 42 MPM patients were screened for Ki67 expression using immunohistochemistry. Ki67 expression was classified into 2 groups on the basis of expression (<25%=low; ≥25%=high) using standard methods. Using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, the significance of Ki67 was assessed in different clinicopathologic categories. High expression of Ki67 (≥25% by immunohistochemical evaluation) was correlated with poor survival in the overall group (P=0.001); male sex (P=0.001); female sex (P=0.001); epithelioid tumors (P=0.001): male epithelioid (P=0.001), female epithelioid (P=0.003); peritoneal cancer index (PCI): PCI<20 (P=0.001), PCI≥20 (P=0.002); and age at diagnosis (AAD): AAD<60 years (P=0.001), AAD≥60 years (P=0.004). Independent of Ki67, male sex (P=0.007), sarcomatoid histology (P=0.001), PCI≥20 (P=0.013), and AAD≥60 years (P=0.004) correlated with poor survival. Multivariate analysis showed that only AAD≥60 years (P=0.049) and high Ki67 expression for all tumors (P=0.031), male sex (P=0.038), female sex (P=0.021), epithelioid tumors (P=0.044), and AAD<60 years (P=0.029) were statistically significant. Ki67 expression affects prognosis in MPM patients and helps to predict survival within the various clinicopathologic categories.