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Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie

Schisandrin B shows neuroprotective effect in 6-OHDA-induced Parkinson's disease via inhibiting the negative modulation of miR-34a on Nrf2 pathway.


PMID 26282218

Abstract

MiR-34 family members have been previously shown to play potential functional role in Parkinson's disease (PD) pathogenesis. However, the regulatory role of miR-34a has not been demonstrated in PD yet. This study aims to clarify the potential neuroprotective effect of Schisandrin B (Sch B) involving miR-34a function in 6-OHDA-induced PD model. The expression changes of miR-34a and Nrf2 pathway related genes were detected in 6-OHDA-treated SH-SY5Y cells under Sch B pretreatment. Cell viability and PD feathers of 6-OHDA-induced PD mice were measured for neuroprotection assessment. The regulation of miR-34a on Nrf2 activity and expression was demonstrated through gain-of-function and loss-of-function studies, while the regulatory role of miR-34a in the neuroprotection of Sch B was investigated both in vitro and in vivo. Sch B pretreatment ameliorated 6-OHDA-induced changes in vitro, like upregulated miR-34a expression, inhibited Nrf2 pathways and decreased cell survival, and PD feathers in vivo. Moreover, Nrf2 was negatively regulated by miR-34a, while miR-34a overexpression inhibited the neuroprotection of Sch B in both dopaminergic SH-SY5Y cells and PD mice. Sch B showed neuroprotective effect in 6-OHDA-induced PD pathogenesis, which could be inhibited by miR-34a, involving the negative regulatory mechanism of miR-34a on Nrf2 pathways.

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