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Extremophiles : life under extreme conditions

Characterization of a pH and detergent-tolerant, cold-adapted type I pullulanase from Exiguobacterium sp. SH3.


PMID 26349928

Abstract

A pullulanase-encoding gene from psychrotrophic Exiguobacterium sp. SH3 was cloned and expressed in both E. coli and Bacillus subtilis. The functional recombinant enzyme (Pul-SH3) was purified as a His-tagged protein. Pul-SH3 was characterized to be a cold-adapted type I pullulanase with maximum activity at 45 °C. Using fluorescence spectroscopy, the melting temperature of Pul-SH3 was determined to be about 52 °C. The enzyme was able to hydrolyze pullulan, soluble starch, potato starch, and rice flour. It was exceptionally tolerant in the pH range of 4-11, exhibiting maximum activity at pH 8.5 and more than 60% of the activity in the pH range of 5-11. Being a detergent-tolerant pullulanase, Pul-SH3 retained 99, 89, and 54% of its activity at 10% concentration of Triton-X100, Tween 20, and SDS, respectively. The enzyme also exhibited an activity of 80.4 and 93.7% in the presence of two commercial detergents, Rika (7.5% v/v) and Fadisheh (2.5% w/v), respectively. The enzyme was even able to remain active by 54.5 and 85% after 10-day holding with the commercial detergents. Thermal stability of the enzyme could w on silica. Pul-SH3 with several industrially important characteristics seems desirable for cold hydrolysis of starch.

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