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Acta pharmacologica Sinica

Parkin represses 6-hydroxydopamine-induced apoptosis via stabilizing scaffold protein p62 in PC12 cells.


PMID 26364802

Abstract

Parkin has been shown to exert protective effects against 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced neurotoxicity in different models of Parkinson disease. In the present study we investigated the molecular mechanisms underlying the neuroprotective action of parkin in vitro. HEK293, HeLa and PC12 cells were transfected with parkin, parkin mutants, p62 or si-p62. Protein expression and ubiquitination were assessed using immunoblot analysis. Immunoprecipitation assay was performed to identify the interaction between parkin and scaffold protein p62. PC12 and SH-SY5Y cells were treated with 6-OHDA (200 μmol/L), and cell apoptosis was detected using PI and Hoechst staining. In HEK293 cells co-transfected with parkin and p62, parkin was co-immunoprecipitated with p62, and parkin overexpression increased p62 protein levels. In parkin-deficient HeLa cells, transfection with wild-type pakin, but not with ligase activity-deficient pakin mutants, significantly increased p62 levels, suggesting that parkin stabilized p62 through its E3 ligase activity. Transfection with parkin or p62 significantly repressed ERK1/2 phosphorylation in HeLa cells, but transfection with parkin did not repress ERK1/2 phosphorylation in p62-knockdown HeLa cells, suggesting that p62 was involved in parkin-induced inhibition on ERK1/2 phosphorylation. Overexpression of parkin or p62 significantly repressed 6-OHDA-induced ERK1/2 phosphorylation in PC12 cells, and parkin overexpression inhibited 6-OHDA-induced apoptosis in PC12 and SH-SY5Y cells. Parkin protects PC12 cells against 6-OHDA-induced apoptosis via ubiquitinating and stabilizing scaffold protein p62, and repressing ERK1/2 activation.