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Optics express

Circumferential irradiation for interstitial coagulation of urethral stricture.


PMID 26367936

Abstract

An optical diffuser was developed to achieve radially uniform light irradiation by micro-machining helical patterns on the fiber surface for endoscopically treating urethral stricture. Spatial emission from the diffuser was evaluated by goniometric measurements. A computational model was developed to predict spatio-temporal heat distribution during the interstitial coagulation. The fabricated diffuser yielded circumferential light distribution with slightly concentrated energy at the proximal end. Both simulation and tissue testing demonstrated approximately 1-mm coagulation thickness at 6 W for 10 sec with 1470 nm. The proposed optical diffuser may be a feasible tool to treat the urethral stricture in a uniform manner.