BMC veterinary research

Evaluation of inhibition of F4ac positive Escherichia coli attachment with xanthine dehydrogenase, butyrophilin, lactadherin and fatty acid binding protein.

PMID 26374102


Neonatal and post-weaning colibacillosis caused by enterotoxigenic E. coli is responsible for substantial economic losses encountered by the pork industry. Intestinal colonization of young piglets by E. coli depends on the efficiency of bacterial attachment to host gastrointestinal epithelium that is mediated by fimbriae. We tested the effect of porcine individual milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) proteins on F4ac positive E. coli attachment to porcine enterocytes in vitro. Butyrophilin, lactadherin and fatty acid binding protein inhibited fimbriae-dependent adherence of E. coli to enterocytes in vitro, while xanthine dehydrogenase did not. The inhibiting activity was dose-dependent for all three proteins, but the inhibiting efficiency was different. The results indicate that MFGM proteins may interfere with attachment of E. coli to porcine neonatal intestinal mucosa.