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Metabolic brain disease

Spontaneous white matter lesion in brain of stroke-prone renovascular hypertensive rats: a study from MRI, pathology and behavior.


PMID 26387009

Abstract

Hypertension is considered one of the most important controllable risk factors for white matter lesion (WML). Our previous work found that stroke-prone renovascular hypertensive rats (RHRSP) displayed a high rate of WML. This study aimed to investigate the WML in RHRSP from MRI, pathology and behavior. RHRSP model was established by two-kidney, two-clipmethod and kept for 20 weeks. WML was decteted by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and loyez staining. Cognition was tested by morris water maze (MWM). Vascular changes were observed by HE staining on brain and carotid sections. Ultrastucture of blood brain barrier (BBB) were observed by transmission electron microscope. Immunofluorescence was used to detect albumin leakage and cell proliferation. T(2)-weighted MRI scans of RHRSP displayed diffuse, confluent white-matter hyperintensities. Pathological examination of the same rat showed marked vacuoles, disappearence of myelin and nerve fibers in white matter, supporting the neuroimaging findings. Spatial learning and memory impairment were observed in RHRSP. The small arteries in brain exhibited fibrinoid necrosis, hyalinosis and vascular remodeling. BBB disruption and plasma albumin leakage into vascular wall was observed in RHRSP. Increased cell proliferation in subventricular zone was seen in RHRSP. RHRSP demonstrated spontaneous WML and cognitive impairment. Hypertensive small vessel lesions and BBB disruption might paly causative factors for the onset and development of WML. The characteristic features of WML in RHRSP suggested it a valid animal model for WML.