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Carbohydrate polymers

Influence of tiopronin, captopril and levamisole therapeutics on the oxidative degradation of hyaluronan.


PMID 26428153

Abstract

The ability to protect hyaluronic acid (HA) from oxidative degradation by cupric ions and ascorbate (production of (•)OH and peroxy-type radicals) during acute phase joint inflammation has been investigated using the following drugs: tiopronin, captopril, and levamisole. Radical scavenging activity, i.e. the propensity for donation of electrons was assessed for the drugs by ABTS and DPPH assays. The kinetics of HA degradation have been measured in the presence of each drug using rotational viscometry. The results of ABTS and DPPH assays show the highest radical scavenging activity for captopril, followed by tiopronin. For levamisole, no effect was observed. Captopril and tiopronin prevented HA degradation induced by (•)OH radicals in a similar manner, while tiopronin was more effective in scavenging peroxy-type radicals. On the other hand, levamisole was shown to be a pro-oxidant. Recovered HA fragments were characterized using FT-IR analysis, the incorporation of a sulphur atom from captopril and tiopronin but not from levamisole into the HA molecule was demonstrated.

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