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Oncoimmunology

Interleukin-17A promotes the growth of human germinal center derived non-Hodgkin B cell lymphoma.


PMID 26451300

Abstract

Interleukin (IL)-17A belongs to IL-17 superfamily and binds the heterodimeric IL-17 receptor (R)(IL-17RA/IL-17RC). IL-17A promotes germinal center (GC) formation in mouse models of autoimmune or infectious diseases, but the role of IL-17A/IL-17AR complex in human neoplastic GC is unknown. In this study, we investigated expression and function of IL-17A/IL-17AR in the microenvironments of 44 B cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas (B-NHL) of GC origin (15 follicular lymphomas, 17 diffuse large B cells lymphomas and 12 Burkitt lymphomas) and 12 human tonsil GC. Furthermore, we investigated the role of IL-17A in two in vivo models of GC B cell lymphoma, generated by s.c. injection of SU-DHL-4 and OCI-Ly8 cell lines in Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID)/Non Obese Diabetic (NOD) mice. We found that: (i) B-NHL cell fractions and tonsil GC B cells expressed IL-17RA/IL-17RC, (ii) IL-17A signaled in both cell types through NF-kBp65, but not p38, ERK-1/2, Akt or NF-kBp50/105, phosphorylation, (iii) IL-17A was expressed in T cells and mast cells from neoplastic and normal GC microenvironments, (iv) IL-17A rendered tonsil GC B cells competent to migrate to CXCL12 and CXCL13 by downregulating RGS16 expression; (v) IL-17A stimulated in vitro proliferation of primary B-NHL cells; (vi) IL-17A (1xa0μg/mouse-per dose) stimulated B-NHL growth in two in vivo models by enhancing tumor cell proliferation and neo-angiogenesis. This latter effect depended on IL-17A-mediated induction of pro-angiogenic gene expression in tumor cells and direct stimulation of endothelial cells. These data define a previously unrecognized role of human IL-17A in promoting growth of GC-derived B-NHL and modulating normal GC B cell trafficking.