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Neurotoxicity research

Amelioration of L-Dopa-Associated Dyskinesias with Triterpenoic Acid in a Parkinsonian Rat Model.


PMID 26459303

Abstract

Levo-Dopa (L-Dopa) is widely used for the oral treatment of Parkinson's disease. However, chronic treatment with L-Dopa produces abnormal involuntary movements (AIMs) known as dyskinesias. In this study, commercially available oleanolic acid (OA) that has been previously shown to ameliorate the toxic effects of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) in preconditioning studies was used to treat AIMs in a rat model for Parkinson's disease. The forelimb-use asymmetry test was used to measure Parkinson's disease-associated motor impairment. AIMs were measured after 21 days of L-Dopa administration. Glutathione levels were measured in blood, and catalase levels were measured in the substantia nigra and striatum of both the left and right hemispheres. We found that L-Dopa alone as well as L-Dopa and OA combination treatment attenuated the limb-use asymmetry caused by the unilateral injection of 6-OHDA. Chronic L-Dopa administration produced AIMs which were attenuated by treatment with OA. Catalase concentration decreased significantly in the striatum but not in the substantia nigra of the lesioned hemisphere. L-Dopa alone as well as the combined L-Dopa and OA treatment ameliorated the effects of 6-OHDA on catalase concentration. However, intervention with L-Dopa alone as well as with L-Dopa and OA did not affect plasma glutathione concentration. These results suggest that OA administration enhances the effect of catalase on reactive oxygen species following 6-OHDA injection. OA may provide possibilities as an adjunct treatment to prevent or attenuate the development of AIMs following chronic L-Dopa treatment in Parkinson's disease.

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